The Ottoman Caliphate|不限時間玩書籍App
The Ottoman Caliphate, under the Ottoman Dynasty of the Ottoman Empire, was the last Sunni Islamic caliphate. During the period of Ottoman growth, Ottoman rulers claimed caliphal authority since Mehmed II's conquest of Constantinople in 1453. His grandson Selim I, through conquering and unification of Muslim lands, became the defender of the Holy Cities of Mecca and Medina which further strengthened the Ottoman claim to caliphate in the Muslim world. The demise of the Ottoman Caliphate took place in part because of a slow erosion of power in relation to Europe and because of the end of the state in consequence of partitioning of the Ottoman Empire. Abdülmecid II held the caliph position for a couple of years, but with Mustafa Kemal's secular reforms, the caliph position was abolished.
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